• The paper should be: typed, double-spaced, 1 inch margins on all sides, Times New Roman, font size 12.
  • The paper has four main sections (Title page, abstract, main body, and reference list) and many possible sub-sections, such as the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.

Running Head and Page Numbers

  • The running head is a shortened title (no more than 50 characters, including spaces) that appears on every page.
  • The words “Running head:” precede the running head on the title page only; after that, just include the actual running head of your paper.
  • All pages, beginning with the title page, will have a page number on the upper right corner of the document.

Title Page

  • The title page includes the following five elements: Running head, title, byline, institutional affiliation, and author note (if applicable).
  • The title page is always numbered Page 1.


  • Each item on a list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period – this depends on the grammatical structure of the specific list.
  • Numbers are followed by periods, and are never put in parentheses.
  • If a list is being made in-text, the items are designated by letters in parentheses.
      • Example: (a) item one, (b) item two, (c) item three, etc.